Scientist dating

This work gave rise to a process known as radiometric dating.This technique is based on a comparison between the measured amount of a naturally occurring radioactive element and its decay products, assuming a constant rate of decay – known as a half-life.Likewise, scientists use radiometric dating to determine the ages of moon rocks, obtained by astronauts.Taken together, these methods give results that suggest an age for our Earth, meteorites, the moon – and by inference our entire solar system – of 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old.Many great thinkers throughout history have tried to figure out Earth’s age.

Today’s scientists believe that answer is incorrect, but Kelvin’s calculations were in being based on logical thinking and mathematical calculation.This process begins as soon as a living thing dies and is unable to produce more carbon-14.Plants produce carbon-14 through photosynthesis, while animals and people ingest carbon-14 by eating plants. Scientists determine the ages of once-living things by measuring the amount of carbon-14 in the material.Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5,730 ± 40 years—, half the amount of the radioisotope present at any given time will undergo spontaneous disintegration during the succeeding 5,730 years.Because carbon-14 decays at this constant rate, an estimate of the date at which an organism died can be made by measuring the amount of its residual radiocarbon.

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