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This term should be differentiated from fecundability, which is the probability of achieving a pregnancy each month, and fecundity, which is the ability to achieve a live birth within 1 menstrual cycle.
The fecundability rate in the general reproductive-aged population is fairly constant and is approximately 0.22 per month.
Obtain the following medical history and information from the couple: Treatment plans are based on the diagnosis, duration of infertility, and the woman's age.
The uterine cervix plays a pivotal role in the transport and capacitation of the sperm after intercourse. Cervical mucus production and characteristics change according to the estrogen concentration during the late follicular phase.
At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, cervical mucus is scanty, viscous, and very cellular.
Female factors that affect fertility include the following categories: Infertility is a problem that involves both partners.
Diagnostic testing is unnecessary if the couple has not attempted to conceive for at least 1 year, unless the woman is age 35 years or older, or if they have a history of a male factor infertility, endometriosis, a tubal factor, diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure, pelvic inflammatory disease, or pelvic surgery.