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Jews came to form the backbone of the Polish economy.
Mieszko III employed Jews in his mint as engravers and technical supervisors, and the coins minted during that period even bear Hebraic markings.
Jews enjoyed undisturbed peace and prosperity in the many principalities into which the country was then divided; they formed the middle class in a country where the general population consisted of landlords (developing into szlachta, the unique Polish nobility) and peasants, and they were instrumental in promoting the commercial interests of the land.
Another factor for the Jews to emigrate to Poland were the Magdeburg rights, or Magdeburg Law, a charter given to the Jews, among others, that specifically outlined the rights and privileges that Jews had coming into Poland.
For centuries, Poland was home to the largest and most significant Jewish community in the world.Among the first Jews to arrive in Poland (in 1097 or 1098) were those banished from Prague.The first extensive Jewish emigration from Western Europe to Poland occurred at the time of the First Crusade in 1098.After the fall of the Communist regime in 1989, the situation of Polish Jews became normalized and those who were Polish citizens before World War II were allowed to renew Polish citizenship.Religious institutions were revived, largely through the activities of Jewish foundations from the United States.